In a speech delivered in Glasgow, Scotland, March 26, 1860, Douglass explained the true meaning of the three-fifths compromise:
“It is a downright disability laid upon the slaveholding States; one which deprives those States of two-fifths of their natural basis of representation. A black man in a free State is worth just two-fifths more than a black man in a slave State, as a basis of political power under the Constitution. Therefore, instead of encouraging slavery, the Constitution encourages freedom by giving an increase of “two-fifths” of political power to free over slave States.”
Thus, the three-fifths clause was written for the sole purpose of limiting congressional representation of the slave states and denied the slave states additional pro-slavery representation in Congress!
Frederick Douglass also stated, “Now, take the Constitution according to its plain reading and I defy the presentation of a single pro-slavery clause in it. On the other hand, it will be found to contain principles and purposes entirely hostile to the existence of slavery.”
(c) 2016 Jake MacAulay – All Rights Reserved
[source: Frederick Douglas - Jake MacAulay 2016]
It is important to know that you will no doubt eventually come across a democrat in response to Frederick Douglass's recognition of his learning the true meaning behind the 3/5 clause and or other related issues that are either woefully uninformed, or potentially worse completely misinformed, and will try to deflect with either the BIG PARTY SWITCH myth or the NIXON SOUTHERN STRATEGY distortion.
Below are responses and proper historical perspective to the usual Democrats need to lie, deflect, distract, distort, history to maintain their false narratives.
Over the years, however, RICHARD NIXON’S critics have blamed him for creating a “SOUTHERN STRATEGY” designed to win white votes by exploiting racial tensions. If that had been his aim, the results of the 1968 election suggest he failed at it miserably. In 1968, Richard Nixon lost four of the five Southern states that Goldwater had carried. Racist Democrat George Wallace carried the rest of the Goldwater Southern bloc – Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. And of those four states, RN ran third, behind both Wallace and the Democrat’s nominee, Hubert Humphrey, in three of them.
Once in the White House, President Nixon’s actions can hardly be called those of a president seeking to inflame racial tensions. Nothing illustrates that better than the historic progress his administration achieved in finally ending the practice of segregating the races in “separate but equal” schools in the South. When RN took office in 1969, 68 percent of black Southern students attended segregated schools. Within five years, that number had been cut to 9 percent. As Tom Wicker wrote in his biography, One of Us, “The Nixon administration did more in 1970 to desegregate Southern school systems than had been done in the sixteen previous years, or probably since.”
(c) 2009 Bob Bostock
[source: Debunking the Myth of the Nixon Southern Strategy - Bob Bostock 2009]